TY - T1的主要人类肝细胞球状体as an In Vitro Tool for Investigating Drug Compounds with Low Hepatic Clearance JF - Drug Metabolism and Disposition JO - Drug Metab Dispos SP - 501 LP - 508 DO - 10.1124/dmd.120.000340 VL - 49 IS - 7 AU - Riede, Julia AU - Wollmann, Birgit M. AU - Molden, Espen AU - Ingelman-Sundberg, Magnus Y1 - 2021/07/01 UR - //www.3tejia.com/content/49/7/501.abstract N2 - Characterizing the pharmacokinetic properties of drug candidates represents an essential task during drug development. In the past, liver microsomes and primary suspended hepatocytes have been extensively used for this purpose, but their relatively short stability limits the applicability of such in vitro systems for drug compounds with low metabolic turnover. In the present study, we used three-dimensional primary human hepatocyte spheroids to predict the hepatic clearance of seven drugs with low to intermediate clearance in humans. Our results indicate that hepatocyte spheroids maintain their in vivo–like phenotype during prolonged incubations, allowing to monitor the depletion of parent drug for 7 days. In contrast, attempts to increase the relative metabolic capacity by pooling hepatocyte spheroids resulted in an immediate fusion of the spheroids followed by hepatocellular de-differentiation processes, demonstrating limited applicability of the pooling approach for quantitative pharmacokinetic studies. The hepatic clearance values obtained from incubations with individual spheroids were in close correlation with the clinical reference data, with six out of seven drug compounds being predicted within a 3-fold deviation and average fold and absolute average fold errors of 0.57 and 1.74, respectively. In conclusion, the hepatocyte spheroid model enables accurate hepatic clearance predictions for slowly metabolized drug compounds and represents a valuable tool for determining the pharmacokinetic properties of new drug candidates as well as for mechanistic pharmacokinetic studies.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT Traditional in vitro systems often fail to predict the hepatic clearance of slowly metabolized drug compounds. The current study demonstrates the ability of primary human hepatocyte spheroids to provide accurate projections on the hepatic clearance of drug compounds with low and intermediate clearance. ER -